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Geography and Population

Geography and Population

Myanmar is roughly diamond-shaped – with a long southeastern ‘tail’ – and extends 925km (575 miles) from east to west and 2,100km (1,300 miles) from north to south. It is bounded by China, Laos and Thailand in the east, by Bangladesh and India in the north and by the Indian Ocean in the west and south. The Irrawaddy River runs through the centre of the country and fans out to form a delta on the south coast; Yangon stands beside one of its many mouths.

Inland area: 678,500 Km2

Length: 1,931 Km

Width: 925 Km

Myanmar is the largest country in South-East Asia.

Myanmar is located in the Gulf Of Bengal, bordered by Thailand to the west, Laos and China to the northeast and India and Bangladesh to the northwest.

The southern part of the country is flat, fed by many rivers including the largest one - the Irrawaddy - which rises in the Himalayas, flows through spectacular gorges, tropical jungles and terraced paddy fields and finally to the Ocean.

The Irrawaddy is the heartbeat of Myanmar and is the most viable means of access to many of the country’s attractions.

Myanmar has 56,3 million inhabitants with an average density of 70,7 inhabitants/km2. 68% of the population is Burmese, 9% Shan, 7% Karen, 4% Rakhine, 3% Chinese, 2% Mon and 2% Indian. Ethnic minorities make up the rest of the population of Myanmar. There are total 135 different ethinic groups in Myanmar.


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